Back

Discover Financial Services Reports Third Quarter Net Income of $720 Million or $2.05 Per Diluted Share

October 25, 2018

RIVERWOODS, Ill.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS):

Third Quarter Results
      2018       2017       YOY Change
Total loans EOP (in billions)     $86.9       $80.4       8%
Total revenue net of interest expense (in millions)     $2,724       $2,525       8%
Total net charge-off rate     2.97%       2.63%       34 bps
Net income (in millions)     $720       $602       20%
Diluted EPS     $2.05       $1.59       29%
               

Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS) today reported net income of $720 million or $2.05 per diluted share for the third quarter of 2018, as compared to $602 million or $1.59 per diluted share for the third quarter of 2017. The company’s return on equity for the third quarter of 2018 was 26%.

Commenting on the quarter's results, Roger Hochschild, CEO and president of Discover, said, “Consistent execution against our strategic priorities enabled us to deliver strong loan and revenue growth once again this quarter. By leveraging the strength of the Discover business model, in combination with our disciplined approach to credit, we continued to generate profitable growth and exceptional returns."

Segment Results:

Direct Banking

Direct Banking pretax income of $923 million in the quarter increased by $56 million from the prior year driven by higher net interest income, largely offset by an increase in the provision for loan losses and higher operating expenses.

Total loans ended the quarter at $86.9 billion, up 8% compared to the prior year. Credit card loans ended the quarter at $69.3 billion, up 9% from the prior year. Personal loans increased $148 million, or 2%, from the prior year. Private student loans increased $203 million, or 2%, year-over-year, and grew $670 million, or 10%, excluding purchased student loans.

Net interest income increased $173 million, or 8%, from the prior year, driven primarily by loan growth. Net interest margin was 10.28%, flat versus the prior year. Card yield was 13.06%, an increase of 23 basis points from the prior year as a result of increases in the prime rate, partially offset by a change in portfolio mix and higher interest charge-offs. Interest expense as a percent of total loans increased 44 basis points from the prior year, primarily as a result of higher market rates.

Other income increased $20 million, or 5%, from the prior year, driven by higher discount and interchange revenue.

The 30+ day delinquency rate for credit card loans was 2.32%, up 18 basis points from the prior year and 16 basis points from the prior quarter. The credit card net charge-off rate was 3.14%, up 34 basis points from the prior year but down 20 basis points from the prior quarter. The student loan net charge-off rate, excluding PCI loans, was 1.19%, down 33 basis points from the prior year. The personal loans net charge-off rate of 4.09% increased by 90 basis points from the prior year. Net charge-off rates were generally higher because of supply-driven credit normalization and the seasoning of recent years' loan growth.

Provision for loan losses of $742 million increased $67 million from the prior year due to higher net charge-offs, partially offset by a lower reserve build. The reserve build for the third quarter of 2018 was $100 million, compared to a reserve build of $148 million in the third quarter of 2017.

Expenses increased $70 million from the prior year as a result of higher employee compensation, marketing expenses and information processing. Employee compensation increased as a result of higher average salaries and higher staffing levels. Marketing expenses increased as a result of higher investment in new account acquisition. Information processing increased due to investments in infrastructure and analytic capabilities.

Payment Services

Payment Services pretax income was $44 million in the quarter, up $8 million from the prior year, due to higher revenue driven by transaction volume growth.

Payment Services transaction dollar volume was $58.7 billion, up 14% versus the prior year. PULSE transaction dollar volume was up 14% year-over-year, which reflects the impact of new issuers on the network as well as strong growth from existing issuers. Diners Club volume increased 5% year-over-year driven by continued strength of newer franchise relationships. Network Partners volume increased by 34% from the prior year driven by AribaPay.

Share Repurchases

During the third quarter of 2018, the company repurchased approximately 6.0 million shares of common stock for $460 million. Shares of common stock outstanding declined by 1.7% from the prior quarter.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

The company will host a conference call to discuss its third quarter results on Thursday, October 25, 2018, at 4:00 p.m. Central time. Interested parties can listen to the conference call via a live audio webcast at https://investorrelations.discover.com.

About Discover

Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS) is a direct banking and payment services company with one of the most recognized brands in U.S. financial services. Since its inception in 1986, the company has become one of the largest card issuers in the United States. The company issues the Discover card, America's cash rewards pioneer, and offers private student loans, personal loans, home equity loans, checking and savings accounts and certificates of deposit through its direct banking business. It operates the Discover Global Network, comprised of Discover Network, with millions of merchant and cash access locations; PULSE, one of the nation's leading ATM/debit networks; and Diners Club International, a global payments network with acceptance in 190 countries and territories. For more information, visit www.discover.com/company.

A financial summary follows. Financial, statistical, and business related information, as well as information regarding business and segment trends, is included in the financial supplement filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed today with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Both the earnings release and the financial supplement are available online at the SEC's website (http://www.sec.gov) and the company's website (https://investorrelations.discover.com).

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements, which speak to our expected business and financial performance, among other matters, contain words such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “aim,” “will,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “likely,” and similar expressions. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release, and there is no undertaking to update or revise them as more information becomes available.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements: changes in economic variables, such as the availability of consumer credit, the housing market, energy costs, the number and size of personal bankruptcy filings, the rate of unemployment, the levels of consumer confidence and consumer debt, and investor sentiment; the impact of current, pending and future legislation, regulation, supervisory guidance, and regulatory and legal actions, including, but not limited to, those related to tax reform, financial regulatory reform, consumer financial services practices, anti-corruption, and funding, capital and liquidity; the actions and initiatives of current and potential competitors; the company's ability to manage its expenses; the company's ability to successfully achieve card acceptance across its networks and maintain relationships with network participants; the company's ability to sustain and grow its non-card products; difficulty obtaining regulatory approval for, financing, closing, transitioning, integrating or managing the expenses of acquisitions of or investments in new businesses, products or technologies; the company's ability to manage its credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, operational risk, compliance and legal risk, and strategic risk; the availability and cost of funding and capital; access to deposit, securitization, equity, debt and credit markets; the impact of rating agency actions; the level and volatility of equity prices, commodity prices and interest rates, currency values, investments, other market fluctuations and other market indices; losses in the company's investment portfolio; limits on the company's ability to pay dividends and repurchase its common stock; limits on the company's ability to receive payments from its subsidiaries; fraudulent activities or material security breaches of key systems; the company's ability to remain organizationally effective; the company's ability to increase or sustain Discover card usage or attract new customers; the company's ability to maintain relationships with merchants; the effect of political, economic and market conditions, geopolitical events and unforeseen or catastrophic events; the company's ability to introduce new products or services; the company's ability to manage its relationships with third-party vendors; the company's ability to maintain current technology and integrate new and acquired systems; the company's ability to collect amounts for disputed transactions from merchants and merchant acquirers; the company's ability to attract and retain employees; the company's ability to protect its reputation and its intellectual property; and new lawsuits, investigations or similar matters or unanticipated developments related to current matters. The company routinely evaluates and may pursue acquisitions of or investments in businesses, products, technologies, loan portfolios or deposits, which may involve payment in cash or the company's debt or equity securities.

Additional factors that could cause the company's results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found under “Risk Factors,” “Business - Competition,” “Business - Supervision and Regulation” and “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and “Management's Discussion & Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended June 30, 2018, and March 31, 2018, which are filed with the SEC and available at the SEC's internet site (http://www.sec.gov).

     
DISCOVER FINANCIAL SERVICES
(unaudited, in millions, except per share statistics)
Quarter Ended
September 30, June 30, September 30,
2018 2018 2017

EARNINGS SUMMARY

Interest Income $2,781 $2,636 $2,476
Interest Expense 558   507   426  
Net Interest Income 2,223 2,129 2,050
 
Discount/Interchange Revenue 753 724 675
Rewards Cost 473   461   417  
Discount and Interchange Revenue, net 280 263 258
Protection Products Revenue 51 50 55
Loan Fee Income 103 95 95
Transaction Processing Revenue 47 42 43
Other Income 20   24   24  
Total Other Income 501   474   475  
 
Revenue Net of Interest Expense 2,724 2,603 2,525
 
Provision for Loan Losses 742 742 674
 
Employee Compensation and Benefits 408 400 371
Marketing and Business Development 218 224 203
Information Processing & Communications 89 86 78
Professional Fees 166 161 163
Premises and Equipment 26 24 25
Other Expense 108   89   108  
Total Other Expense 1,015 984 948
     
Income Before Income Taxes 967 877 903
Tax Expense 247   208   301  
Net Income $720   $669   $602  
 
Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders $699   $663   $589  
 
 

PER SHARE STATISTICS

Basic EPS $2.05 $1.91 $1.59
Diluted EPS $2.05 $1.91 $1.59
Common Stock Price (period end) $76.45 $70.41 $64.48
Book Value per share $32.60 $31.66 $30.56
 

SEGMENT- INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

Direct Banking $923 $837 $867
Payment Services 44   40   36  
Total $967   $877   $903  
 

BALANCE SHEET SUMMARY

Total Assets $105,842   $102,751   $97,608  
Total Liabilities 94,826 91,862 86,421
Total Equity 11,016   10,889   11,187  
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity $105,842   $102,751   $97,608  
 

TOTAL LOAN RECEIVABLES

Ending Loans 1, 2 $86,894 $84,789 $80,443
Average Loans 1, 2 $85,855 $83,648 $79,189
 
Interest Yield 12.45 % 12.28 % 12.15 %
Gross Principal Charge-off Rate 3.63 % 3.78 % 3.26 %
Gross Principal Charge-off Rate excluding PCI Loans 3 3.71 % 3.87 % 3.35 %
Net Principal Charge-off Rate 2.97 % 3.11 % 2.63 %
Net Principal Charge-off Rate excluding PCI Loans 3 3.03 % 3.18 % 2.71 %
Delinquency Rate (30 or more days) excluding PCI Loans 3 2.22 % 2.08 % 2.05 %
Delinquency Rate (90 or more days) excluding PCI Loans 3 1.00 % 0.99 % 0.91 %
Gross Principal Charge-off Dollars $785 $789 $651
Net Principal Charge-off Dollars $642 $649 $527
Net Interest and Fee Charge-off Dollars $135 $138 $107
Loans Delinquent 30 or more days 3 $1,894 $1,725 $1,605
Loans Delinquent 90 or more days 3 $854 $821 $709
 
Allowance for Loan Loss (period end) $2,927 $2,828 $2,531
Reserve Change Build/(Release) 4 $100 $93 $147
Reserve Rate 3.37 % 3.34 % 3.15 %
Reserve Rate excluding PCI Loans 3 3.41 % 3.38 % 3.20 %
 

CREDIT CARD LOANS

Ending Loans $69,253 $67,812 $63,475
Average Loans $68,613 $66,594 $62,647
 
Interest Yield 13.06 % 12.88 % 12.83 %
Gross Principal Charge-off Rate 3.90 % 4.12 % 3.53 %
Net Principal Charge-off Rate 3.14 % 3.34 % 2.80 %
Delinquency Rate (30 or more days) 2.32 % 2.16 % 2.14 %
Delinquency Rate (90 or more days) 1.12 % 1.09 % 1.02 %
Gross Principal Charge-off Dollars $674 $684 $555
Net Principal Charge-off Dollars $543 $555 $439
Loans Delinquent 30 or more days $1,608 $1,466 $1,359
Loans Delinquent 90 or more days $777 $743 $646
 
Allowance for Loan Loss (period end) $2,424 $2,334 $2,091
Reserve Change Build/(Release) $90 $82 $111
Reserve Rate 3.50 % 3.44 % 3.29 %
 
Total Discover Card Volume $39,414 $38,430 $35,581
Discover Card Sales Volume $35,896 $35,077 $32,161
Rewards Rate 1.31 % 1.31 % 1.30 %
 

NETWORK VOLUME

PULSE Network $45,244 $44,308 $39,828
Network Partners 5,113 4,602 3,811
Diners Club International 5 8,370   8,417   7,989  
Total Payment Services 58,727 57,327 51,628
Discover Network - Proprietary 36,642   36,339   33,576  
Total $95,369   $93,666   $85,204  
 
 
1 Total Loans includes Home Equity and other loans.
 
2 Purchased Credit Impaired ("PCI") loans are loans that were acquired in which a deterioration in credit quality occurred between the origination date and the acquisition date. These loans were initially recorded at fair value and accrete interest income over the estimated lives of the loans as long as cash flows are reasonably estimable, even if the loans are contractually past due. PCI loans are private student loans and are included in total loan receivables.
 
3 Excludes PCI loans (described above) which are accounted for on a pooled basis. Since a pool is accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and aggregate expectation of cash flows, the past-due status of a pool, or that of the individual loans within a pool, is not meaningful. Because the Company is recognizing interest income on a pool of loans, it is all considered to be performing.
 
4 Allowance for loan loss includes the net change in reserves on PCI pools having no remaining non-accretable difference which does not impact the reserve change build/(release) in provision for loan losses.
 
5 Volume is derived from data provided by licensees for Diners Club branded cards issued outside of North America and is subject to subsequent revision or amendment.
 

Note: See Glossary for definitions of financial terms in the financial supplement which is available online at the SEC's website (http://www.sec.gov) and the Company's website (http://investorrelations.discoverfinancial.com).

Discover Financial Services
Investors:
Craig Streem, 224-405-5923
craigstreem@discover.com
or
Media:
Jon Drummond, 224-405-1888
jondrummond@discover.com

Source: Discover Financial Services